Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The CIA to 1950
by Gleason, Hillary, Ph.D., State University of New York at Binghamton, 2010, 256; 3434597
Abstract (Summary)

Following World War II, President Truman disbanded the Office of Strategic Services. Nevertheless, international instability caused him to reconsider his stance on postwar intelligence. As a result, the Central Intelligence Group (precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency) was created by a presidential directive. The president‘s decision to keep the idea of a centralized agency alive—but his failure to specify what powers and prerogatives the new agency would have—set off a major bureaucratic war. Attempts by the State Department and the military intelligence departments to control the Central Intelligence Agency and the interpretation of intelligence began even before the CIA was born and continued long afterward.

The Central Intelligence Agency‘s creation was a symptom of the Cold War. Despite the need American policymakers felt for strong coordinated intelligence, the early years of the Agency were marked by interdepartmental rivalries and bureaucratic politics. As a result, the American intelligence apparatus was unstable and less-effective in the years prior to 1950.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Stoner, John
Commitee: Hacker, David, McNulty, David, de Vera, Arleen
School: State University of New York at Binghamton
Department: History
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-A 72/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: American history, Political science, Military history
Keywords: Bureaucratic politics, Central Intelligence Agency, Department of State, Intelligence, Intelligence Advisory Committee
Publication Number: 3434597
ISBN: 978-1-124-41630-4
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