The effects of childbearing patterns on the timing of men's and women's retirement were examined. The data for this study come from the Health and Retirement Study, waves 1-7: 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, and 2004. A proportional hazard model (Cox regression) was chosen for this study. Two measures of retirement were considered: labor force exit and self-defined retirement. The results indicated that men with dependent children are more likely to postpone the timing of labor force exit and their self-definition as retired. At the same time, the study indicated that the presence (or absence) and timing of early childbearing experience has a long-term effect on the timing of retirement in later life. In particular, for both men and women, childbearing factors associated with a greater family burden in early life (e.g., parenthood and early childbearing) are related to a later labor force exit. The number of children, however, only affects the timing of women's labor force exit.
|Advisor:||Szinovacz, Maximiliane E.|
|Commitee:||Chen, Yung-Ping, Clayton-Matthews, Alan|
|School:||University of Massachusetts Boston|
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||DAI-A 72/02, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Childbearing, Cox regression, HRS, Labor force exit, Retirement, Self-defined retirement|
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