Temperamental reactivity and emotion dysregulation are both considered important vulnerability factors in the development of childhood anxiety and depression. Little is known, however, about how these emotional processes work together to shape developmental pathways to internalizing difficulties.
Aims: The present study examined this question in the context of a vulnerability-stress framework by evaluating whether negative affectivity (NA) and positive affectivity (PA) interacted with worry dysregulation (WD) and sadness dysregulation (SD) to predict and differentiate anxious and depressive symptoms at baseline (T1) and a one-year follow-up (T2).
Methods: At T1, 184 children (ages 8-11) completed self-report measures of NA, PA, WD, SD, life events, anxious symptoms, and depressive symptoms. At T2, 131 of these children repeated the measures of anxious and depressive symptoms. Coding of threat and loss events was performed to examine possible specificity to anxiety and depression.
Results/Discussion: Regression analyses demonstrated a significant two-way interaction between NA and WD in the prediction of anxious symptoms at both T1 and T2, such that a combination of high NA and high WD was closely associated with anxious but not depressive symptoms. This interaction most strongly predicted anxious symptoms at T1 in youth reporting low occurrence of negative life events, violating expectations. A hypothesized interaction between low PA and high NLE was not fully supported in the prediction of depressive symptoms. The pattern of findings did not vary depending on the type of life event (negative, threat, or loss). Implications for screening, prevention, and treatment programs are discussed.
|Advisor:||Halpern, Leslie F.|
|Commitee:||Forsyth, John P., Prelow, Hazel M.|
|School:||State University of New York at Albany|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/02, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Developmental psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Child anxiety, Child depression, Emotion regulation, Risk, Stress, Temperament|
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