This mixed method research study explored the effects of a 10-session school-based yoga and art intervention program over a 2-week period that aimed to decrease state anxiety, increase happiness and satisfaction with life, and evoke transformation in children between the ages of 7 and 11 years. The 33 children who participated in the study attended a public school in southern California that serves low SES families. Of those 33 children, 20 met the diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder and received the intervention. The remaining 13 continued with their regular school schedule. Pre/post quantitative data were collected using the Beck Anxiety Inventory for Youth (BAI-Y) and the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, Second Edition (Piers-Harris 2). Qualitative data were collected by way of observations and showcased in 4 individual portraits. The quantitative and qualitative data were mixed for triangulation. The findings from the BAI-Y indicated that the change in scores was significantly different from zero at the p < 0.01 level. Therefore, the data support this researcher’s hypothesis that the intervention would correspond with a decrease in state anxiety on the BAI-Y measures. The researcher’s hypothesis of the intervention increasing happiness and satisfaction with life was not supported statistically by the Piers-Harris 2, despite that instrument’s face validity. Qualitative and quantitative data presented in the individual portraits highlighted the manifestation of transformation for these children in the areas of openness, connection with the researcher, risking and trusting, along with positive quantitative changes in anxiety, happiness, and growth. Thus, a case was built for the intervention evoking transformation in the children, as was this researcher’s hypothesis. This study offers a basis for future research.
|Commitee:||Fisher, Jan, Libert, David|
|School:||Institute of Transpersonal Psychology|
|Department:||Global Psychology with a concentration in Transpersonal Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 72/02, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Art education, Educational psychology, Clinical psychology, Physiological psychology|
|Keywords:||Anxiety, Art, Art intervention, Children, School-based intervention, Transformation, Yoga|
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