Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Theoretical methods for the study of quantum dynamics
by Chen, Jonathan E., Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010, 223; 3431093
Abstract (Summary)

Several theoretical methods for the computation of quantum dynamical quantities are formulated, implemented, and applied, in the overall context of overcoming the exponential scaling property of quantum mechanics.

The convergence of the approximate forward-backward semiclassical dynamics (FBSD) method has been accelerated by working with only the imaginary part of the real-time position and momentum time correlation functions. Simple manipulations allow the computationally favorable limit of a single factorization (“bead”) of the Boltzmann operator to yield greatly improved results. Numerical examples for a one-dimensional anharmonic oscillator and Lennard-Jones fluids are presented.

Bohm's trajectory formulation of quantum mechanics is an exact mapping of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation onto classical fluid dynamics, plus one extra term responsible for all non-classical effects, the dreaded quantum potential. A computational procedure has been introduced to stably solve Bohm's hydrodynamic equations of motion in the forward-backward quantum dynamics (FBQD) formulation of time correlation functions, and applied to one-dimensional bound systems at zero and low temperature. A key step in the formulation of this procedure was the use of Hamilton's law of varying action, a generalization of Hamilton's principle of stationary action applicable to initial-value problems. This has resulted in the first reported synthetic computation of non-stationary quantum trajectories for a fully anharmonic oscillator. Success in one dimension has laid the groundwork for future extension to a rigorous quantum-classical scheme, which is briefly discussed.

Other unpublished methods for obtaining time correlation functions and propagators in quantum dynamics are also discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Makri, Nancy
Commitee:
School: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-B 71/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Physical chemistry, Quantum physics, Theoretical physics
Keywords: Bohm's trajectory, Lennard-Jones fluids, Quantum dynamics, Quantum trajectory
Publication Number: 3431093
ISBN: 9781124311845
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