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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Protecting traditional resources rights in conservation: Native knowledge in national parks
by Villalba, Fernando, M.A., University of California, Davis, 2010, 238; 1482873
Abstract (Summary)

During its early development, the National Park Service played an active role in the removal of Native Americans from their ancestral lands. In doing so, they were also in effect dislodging intimate knowledge systems that encompass a long-standing dialogue with the landscape. Although international instruments exist to protect traditional resource rights and the rights of Indigenous peoples, dominant international and national frameworks are insufficient to adequately protect the intellectual rights of traditional knowledge holders. In analyzing this issue, two case studies were observed at Pinnacles National Monument and Redwood National Park, who are developing relationships with affiliated Tribes, the Amah Mustun Tribal Band and the Yurok Tribe, respectively. Particularly, I analyze the mutual interest to conserve biological diversity and restore disturbed lands as opportunities to collaborate. By working with local National Park Service staff and Native community leaders, trust relationships can be developed in a culturally-appropriate and productive manner if a concerted effort is exerted by both the park and Tribe. Park managers are displaying a sense of not only moral responsibility to reinstate, at least in part, Native land stewardship systems, but also of urgency to work cooperatively with local Native communities and address their concerns and needs regarding cultural revitalization. Native partners especially express the necessity to maintain and restore integrity of traditional practices and knowledge through the maintenance of their connection to ancestral territories and resources, and of the health of that land.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Varese, Stefano
Commitee: Marci, Martha J., Middleton, Elizabeth Rose, Montejo, Victor D.
School: University of California, Davis
Department: Native American Studies
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 49/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Conservation, Ethnic studies, Native American studies
Keywords: Intellectual property rights, Pinnacles national monument, Redwood national park, Traditional ecological knowledge, Traditional resource rights, U.s. national park service
Publication Number: 1482873
ISBN: 978-1-124-31943-8
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