The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the use of General Purpose computing on Graphics Processing Units (GPGPU) to process electroencephalogram (EEG) signals in real-time. The main body of this work required the implementation of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) on a GPU to test whether GPGPU is an appropriate platform for the ICA problem.
Two implementations of Independent Component Analysis were investigated: FastICA and JADE. Both were implemented three times: first using M-file syntax to serve as a benchmark, next, as native C code to measure performance of the algorithms when running natively on a CPU, and finally, as GPGPU code using the NVIDIA CUDA C language extension. In previous works, Independent Component Analysis represented the largest roadblock to achieving the real-time goal of processing 10 seconds of EEG within a 10 second window.
It was found that both FastICA and JADE see speedups, with a maximum measured speedup of approximately 6x for FastICA, and approximately 2.5x for JADE, when operating on the largest datasets. In addition, speedups of between 1x and 2x were seen when working on datasets of the expected size provided by 10 seconds of 32-channel EEG sampled at 500 Hz. However, it was also found that GPGPU solutions are not necessary for real-time performance on a modern desktop computer as the FastICA algorithm is capable of a worst-case performance of between approximately 1 and 2 seconds depending on configuration parameters.
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|Commitee:||Melton, Roy, Shaaban, Muhammad|
|School:||Rochester Institute of Technology|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||MAI 49/02M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||GPGPUs, Independent component analysis|
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