Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Immune basis of arterial Hypertension
by Vazquez, Randy, Ph.D., The University of Arizona, 2010, 125; 3423839
Abstract (Summary)

A better understanding of these structural changes that occur before Hypertension (HTN) could ultimately result in a treatment that can prevent or reverse this disease state before its onset. T cells have been shown essential for the development of HTN. The aim of these murine studies was to investigate the role of the T-helper CD4+ lymphocytes in initiating vascular remodeling and HTN in the absence of an increased mechanical load and to investigate the role of T-helper 17 (Th17) CD4+ lymphocyte initiating vascular remodeling and HTN by stimulating Lysyl Oxidase (LOX). LOX is known to cross-link collagen and elastin and. Excess synthesis of collagen and elastin results in a stiffer artery and hypertension. We established L-NAME-induce HTN in wild type (WT) mice. CD4+ splenic lymphocytes were isolated from these mice and adoptively transferred into naïve syngeneic severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. The SCID mice receiving these cells became hypertensive. Cytokine analysis demonstrated an increase in both Th1 and Th17 cytokine in HTN donor mice and of lymphocytes in the aortic infiltrates of the HTN recipient mice. The increased collagen and LOX expression in recipient mice suggest that the adoptively transfer CD4+ lymphocytes are associated with vascular extracellular matrix remodeling.

Furthermore we examined the role of Th17 lymphocyte in aortic LOX regulation in Angiotensin II-induced hypertension. The Increase in blood pressure and Velocity Time Integral (VTI) was measured in WT Angiotensin II treated mice whereas no change was detected in the Th17 deficient (RORT KO) Angiotensin II treated group. When compared to the control group the WT group infused with Angiotensin II had higher LOX protein expression, LOX fluorescent Immunohistochemical stain and LOX activity. This group also had increased hydroxyproline levels, collagen stain, hyperplasia and aortic thickening. In contrast, the Th17 deficient mice Angiotensin II treated group had no changes in these parameters. The results provide evidence that IL-17 mediates Angiotensin II-induced hypertension and vascular dysfunction by the overstimulation of LOX. Potentially targeting T17 cells will allow for a drug-specific therapeutic approach and delay the progression of hypertension pathology.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Watson, Ronald R.
Commitee: Burd, Randy, Larson, Douglas F., Thomson, Cynthia
School: The University of Arizona
Department: Nutritional Sciences
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 71/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Physiology
Keywords: Angiotensin ii, Extracellular matrix, Hypertension, L-name, Lysyl oxidase (lox), T-helper (th)-17 lymphocytes
Publication Number: 3423839
ISBN: 978-1-124-25039-7
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