This dissertation is a study of history of the journal Nature , today perhaps the world's most prestigious scientific journal, from its first issue in 1869 until the onset of World War II in 1939. This time period covers the careers of Nature's first two editors, Sir Norman Lockyer (editor from 1869–1919) and Sir Richard Gregory (editor from 1919–1939). Nature was an important publication not just because of the famous papers published in its pages, but because it was a site where British men of science negotiated the rules and boundaries of their community. During Nature's first seventy years, its editors and contributors found many ways of using Nature to promote both their own work and their visions of science and its practitioners.
The dissertation is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1 focuses on Nature's foundation and its first few years of publication, and discusses why Norman Lockyer, the journal's founder and first editor, was unable to sustain his vision of a science magazine that would be read by both laymen and scientific specialists. Chapter 2 explores how and why a younger generation of British men of science adopted Nature as a primary forum of scientific communication in the 1870s and 1880s. Chapter 3 introduces Richard Gregory, a young science journalist who joined the Nature staff in 1893, and argues that although Gregory lacked the qualifications Nature readers and contributors desired in a man of science, he assumed Nature's editorship after successfully establishing himself as science's spokesman to a wider British public. Chapter 4 argues that although Nature continued to be a thoroughly British scientific institution, focused on serving the needs and interests of the British scientific community, its speed of publication made the journal an invaluable resource for scientists working in the international field of radioactivity. Finally, Chapter 5 explores Nature's place in international science, in particular the journal's relationship with German science and scientists during and after the First World War. Nature's passionate anti-Nazi content would lead to the Nazi Minister of Education, Bernhard Rust, banning the journal from all German universities and libraries in 1937.
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/11, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Science history, Mass communications|
|Keywords:||Britain, Journals, Nature, Scientific community|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be