The effectiveness of MI to facilitate behavior change has been demonstrated across many domains, but why MI works has not yet been determined. The goal of this study was to explore the element of MI known as Decisional Balance, and to examine whether the process of thinking about the pros and cons of smoking leads to a deeper level of processing and greater motivation to quit.
Participation in the MI Decisional Balance exercise did not result in or correlate with higher levels of motivation to quit relative to Health Education, as denoted by scores on the Contemplation Ladder, Decisional Balance, or the Motivation Ruler. Analyses demonstrated no significant differences between treatment groups in positive changes in the smoking-related variables. The pattern of Level of Processing (LOP) analyses suggest that LOP is predictive of motivation and behavior change at future time points.
|School:||University of Missouri - Kansas City|
|School Location:||United States -- Missouri|
|Source:||DAI-B 71/11, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral psychology, Public health, Psychology|
|Keywords:||Decisional Balance, Levels of processing, Motivational interviewing, Smokers|
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