The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) was created to end the unwarranted removal of American Indian children from their homes. In the years before the passage of ICWA, roughly 25–35% of all American Indian children were living outside of their homes in foster care and other settings. ICWA was created to restore tribal self-government and end the breakup of Indian families. The purpose of this thesis project was to conduct a policy analysis of ICWA using a modified version of Gil's framework. The results found that although ICWA granted many new rights to Indian parents and tribes, states do not apply the policy consistently and ICWA fails to set timelines for ensuring permanent placements for children. As a result, there are still a disproportionately high number of American Indian children in the foster care system. More research is needed to determine how to ensure effective and consistent implementation of ICWA.
|Advisor:||Chambers, Ruth M.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 49/02M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Public policy, Native American studies|
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