Purpose. California State Policy indicates that K-12 school counselors will respond to social justice related issues such as racial conflict, social unrest, school violence, gang activity, antisocial behavior, and potential suicides. This directive assumes that school counselors have crisis response training as a standard in their education. The purpose of this study was to determine if a gap exists between policy expectations and counselor preparedness, to determine if counselors are anxious about their anticipated response, and to determine if additional crisis response training is needed. Issues of response to terrorism and natural disaster were added to the study because of increased exposure in the United States since the time of policy development.
Methodology. A forty-three question descriptive survey was distributed to all active e-mail addresses of school counselors in a single Southern California county. One hundred and one counselors completed the survey. Likert scales were used to measure levels of anxiety in relation to counselor anticipated crisis response. Pearson Chi, Probability and Probit Regressions were utilized to demonstrate significance between variables such as crisis plan rehearsals, anxiety response, incident exposure, counselor participation in crisis plan development and counselor awareness of state policy directives.
Findings. Statistical analysis demonstrated significant relationships between schools having a plan for crisis response and counselor anxiety about crisis response preparedness. When schools did not have a plan in policy related issues, the counselors demonstrated high levels of anxiety. The survey results also indicated significant gaps in crisis response training taken by school counselors and the desire for more training in social justice related policy issues.
Conclusions and Recommendations. This study found a number of issues of concern. Primarily, those issues included the demonstrated existence of social justice related issues on school campuses, the inconsistent preparation of school counselors to policy related school-wide crisis, the need for consistent and comprehensive training in crisis response, the presence of significant crisis response anxiety levels among school counselors working in the county, counselor liability concerns, and the desire to provide a quality, caring, and professional advocacy for students in crisis. Recommendations for change would include discussion with county Department of Education Leadership in reference to the implementation of successful crisis response training utilized in other areas of the country. In addition it is hoped this study will assist with an amendment to state policy to include terrorism and natural disaster as crucial crisis situations requiring a trained school counselor response.
|Commitee:||Mirci, Phillip, Williams, Ron|
|School:||University of Redlands|
|Department:||School of Education|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 71/11, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Crisis response, Critical incident, Post Tramatic Stress Syndrome, School counseling, School violence, Trauma|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be