Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Uniform color and aggression in the National Football League
by Morell, Jacquelyn L., M.A., California State University, Long Beach, 2010, 77; 1486384
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between uniform colors and aggression in the National Football League (NFL). Specifically by looking at individual NFL teams, colors of their uniforms, penalty records for the 2008 season, and total penalties for the 2008 season. Penalties were tabulated at the 5-, 10-, and 15-yard level. And the overall total penalties were tabulated.

A purposive sample of 32 NFL teams, eight black uniform teams and 24 non-black uniform teams was utilized for this study. Black uniforms were defined as a uniform containing at least 50% black in it. Four hypotheses were formulated; they stated there would be no significant difference in 5, 10, 15, and total penalties between teams wearing black uniforms and teams wearing non-black uniforms. Results of the t-test revealed no significant differences. There was no relationship made between uniform colors and aggression in the NFL.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Jackson, Hazel
School: California State University, Long Beach
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 49/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Kinesiology
Publication Number: 1486384
ISBN: 978-1-124-24774-8
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