While work stress is experienced by nearly all employees at one time or another, the harmful effects of stress may be particularly acute for those in leadership positions. Leadership efficacy may shield some of the ill effects of work stress. However, personality variables are likely important as well. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the potential moderating effects of two personality traits, optimism and locus of control, on the relationship between a leader's efficacy and levels of stress. One hundred mid-level managers at a large industrial organization in Southern California participated in this survey research. Collected data was analyzed using correlations, as well as hierarchical multiple regression to test for the hypothesized moderation. Although the results did not find a relationship between optimism and stress, a marginal positive correlation between locus of control and stress was found. The findings of this study will contribute to our knowledge of coping strategies that are useful for organizational leaders. Practical implications and theoretical significance are discussed.
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 49/01M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Occupational psychology, Organization Theory, Organizational behavior|
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