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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Risk factors associated with adolescent alcohol and cigarette use
by Licea, Mercedes H., M.S.W., California State University, Long Beach, 2010, 57; 1486423
Abstract (Summary)

This study used secondary data from the 2007 California Health Interview Survey database to examine the relationship between the following variables: gender and ethnic differences, physical activity or obesity, psycho-emotional functioning, school attendance, parental presence or supervision, and adolescent alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. The sample consisted of 3,638 adolescents between the ages of 12 to 17. This study found that White and Latino adolescents consumed more alcohol than other ethnic groups. Moreover, American Indian adolescents smoked the most cigarettes in the last 30 days. The study also found that adolescents receiving psychological or emotional counseling consumed more alcohol and smoked more cigarettes than adolescents who did not receive psychological counseling. Additional findings were that adolescents who did not attend school smoked more cigarettes per day in the last 30 days than adolescents who attended school. Lastly, this study found that adolescents who lived with a single parent or had less parental monitoring were at increased risk of engaging in alcohol and cigarette use.

Social workers should promote awareness on this social problem and implement prevention and intervention programs in schools and after school programs to discourage and possibly prevent early onset of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Santhiveeran, Janaki
School: California State University, Long Beach
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 49/01M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social work, Public health
Publication Number: 1486423
ISBN: 978-1-124-24245-3
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