This study examined personal and environmental influences that previous research suggested affect violence and violence reporting for secondary students. Findings of this study suggested that certain factors significantly impacted a secondary student who witnessed violence or violent acts make decisions to report. Personal variables included demographic indicators of age, gender, ethnicity, and school of attendance. Environmental variables included level of violence in the neighborhood of the school, school climate, principal visibility, peer affiliation, in-group/out-group membership, witness relationship to victim/perpetrator, and knowledge about avenues of reporting. The study found that most variables were statistically significant predictors to reporting behavior. Higher levels of neighborhood violence negatively predicted reporting, whereas factors of school climate (knowledge of whom and where to report, clarity of rules, and a supportive principal) positively predicted reporting. The quality of the witness’s relationship to the victim/perpetrator significantly predicted reporting. Females were more likely to report than males, and age difference between witness and victim/perpetrator significantly predicted reporting. The findings also suggested that students felt that some victims deserve their fate. Overall, students reported a lack of willingness to report violence. These findings present many implications and suggest possible recommendations for school sites such as clearer avenues in school for reporting with designated responsible adults and training and use in classroom cooperative learning models across the curriculum to broaden positive peer interaction.
|Commitee:||Love, Laurie, Sundt, Melora|
|School:||University of Southern California|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 71/09, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Educational leadership, Secondary education|
|Keywords:||Bystander, Bystander behavior, Peer affiliation, School climate, Secondary schools, Violence reporting, Willingness|
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