This study seeks to expand the existing empirical literature pertaining to the formation of strong and successful supervisory relationships by examining associations among self-rated supervisee attachment, supervisory working alliance, and supervisee (counselor) development. This study also examines the role of affect regulation in mediating the relationships between attachment, working alliance, and counselor development. Instruments used include the Working Alliance Inventory – Trainee version (WAI-T; Bahrick, 1990), the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ; Feeney, Noller, & Hanrahan, 1994), the Differentiation of Self Inventory (DSI; Skowron & Friedlander, 1998), and the Supervisee Levels Questionnaire – Revised (SLQ-R; McNeill, Stoltenberg, & Romans, 1992). Additionally, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI; Spielberger, Gorsuch, & Lushene, 1970) was used to gather information on feelings of anxiety as a way to control potential differences in felt anxiety across attachment styles. Information on race/ethnicity, age, gender, relationship status, and counseling/supervision experience, was also collected.
Participants included a total of 69 Master’s level counseling students at programs accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). Data were collected via internship classes at participating counselor training programs at one of the first class meetings (Time 1) and again approximately three months later at the end of the semester (Time 2). Results indicate a significant relationship among attachment and working alliance, as well as between attachment and counselor development. As predicted, the association between secure attachment and working alliance was positive, as was the association between secure attachment and development. A significant negative association was observed between insecure attachment and both working alliance and development. The change in development associated with secure attachment was significantly greater than the change in development associated with insecure attachment.
Though attachment was observed to have a significant relationship to affect regulation these associations were non-specific and the predicted mediating role of affect regulation was not observed. Supplemental analysis revealed significant relationships also between attachment style and anxiety, as well as between anxiety and working alliance. Suggestions are made for both future research and clinical practice.
|Advisor:||Lanthier, Richard P.|
|Commitee:||Courtois, Christine A., Dannels, Sharon A., Howe, George W., Marotta, Sylvia A., Thompson, Barbara J.|
|School:||The George Washington University|
|School Location:||United States -- District of Columbia|
|Source:||DAI-B 71/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Affect regulation, Attachment style, Clinical supervision, Counselor training|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be