The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between five posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) clusters and two forms of externalizing problems within and across the middle school years in a low income urban sample of young adolescent African Americans. A secondary aim of this study was to explore moderation effects by gender. Total PTSS positively predicted a little over 58% of the cross-sectional externalizing outcomes and uniquely explained between 5 and 12% of the variance in these outcomes over and above gender and exposure to violence. Total PTSS significantly and positively predicted one-third of the longitudinal outcomes and explained between 2 and 3% of the variance in these outcomes over and above gender, exposure to violence, and previous year externalizing. The five PTSS clusters significantly predicted two-thirds of cross-sectional externalizing outcomes and explained between 6 and 16% of the variance in these outcomes over and above gender and exposure to violence. Numbing emerged as a significant positive predictor of externalizing problems, while dissociation emerged as a significant negative predictor. Intrusion also emerged as a significant positive predictor of delinquency. Six moderation effects by gender were found in which the relation between PTSS and externalizing problems was significantly stronger for boys than girls within years. The impact of exposure to violence and clinical implications of the findings are further discussed.
|School:||Loyola University Chicago|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 48/05M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Asian American Studies, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Adolescents, African-American, Aggression, Delinquency, Externalizing, Posttraumatic stress|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be