This study is a policy analysis on California's Gang Violence and Juvenile Crime Prevention Act of 1998 also known as Proposition 21. Proposition 21 increases punishments for gang related felonies, mandates adult trials for serious juvenile offenders age 14 and older, subjects offenders to longer sentences due to additional crimes that have been selected as serious felonies, allows for wiretapping of gang activities, as well as authorizes the death penalty for gang related murder.
The researcher utilized secondary data to appropriately analyze the policy and its impact on juvenile offenders. This thesis includes an in-depth historical review of the juvenile justice system as well as the juvenile crime trends leading up to the enactment of Proposition 21. The analysis of Proposition 21 also includes the groups that are most impacted.
The researcher determined that Proposition 21 appears to overwhelmingly negatively target minority, low income youth. The proposition also led to an increase in juvenile waiver subsequently leading to the increase in the rate of recidivism.
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 47/06M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Criminology|
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