This study used longitudinal data from the first six rounds of the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (NLSY97) to examine the relationship between residential mobility in early adolescence and first employee-type employment. This study hypothesized that residential change between ages 12 and 14 impacted both the age at which adolescents started their first employee type jobs and the characteristics of those jobs. Five characteristics of first jobs, in particular, were included as response variables in the general estimating equations utilized to examine the impact of residential change on first employee-type employment: industry, occupation, prestige level of occupation, environment typology of occupation as defined by Holland Codes (RIASEC), and complexity of occupation. This study found no significant relationship between having made one move and the age at which adolescents started first employee-type jobs or the characteristics of those jobs. Having made two or more moves, however, was related to a slight decrease in the age at which adolescents started their first employee-type job. Additionally, having made two or more moves was related to modest changes in the mix of industries, occupations, prestige levels of occupations, environment typologies of occupations, and complexity levels of occupations. Further research is needed to determine if three aspects of social capital theory referenced in this study - the relationship between the size of adolescents' social networks and their positions within those networks and the resources available to the adolescents, the relationship between social support and the resources available to adolescents, and the relationship between intergenerational closure and the decision-making of adolescents—mediate the relationships found between residential change and first employee-type employment. This study concluded that those concerned with whether working at a particular age or in a job with particular characteristics, was desirable for adolescents or not, should be made aware that differences in first employee-type jobs were found for those who had made two or more moves.
|Advisor:||Bloch, Deborah P.|
|School:||University of San Francisco|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/05, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||School counseling, Vocational education|
|Keywords:||Adolescent employment, Adolescents, Employment, Holland Codes, NLSY 97, National Longitudinal Study of Youth, Occupational prestige, Residential mobility, Social capital|
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