Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Polarized attitudes: The influence of terrorism salience on prejudice toward Arabs
by Corwin, Caleb James, M.A., Western Carolina University, 2009, 58; 1470421
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of the current study was to untangle previous findings within the Terror Management Theory (TMT) literature suggesting that the activation of worldview defense causes an increased preference for the in-group culture and a decreased preference for the out-group culture. In our study we used the Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP), an implicit measure which provided the opportunity to test TMT in a within subjects design. The AMP was used to assess participants' attitudes towards various in-group and out-group depictions. Unlike previous literature we separated these cultural groups based on valence, positive and negative. Analyses revealed that attitude changes following mortality salience (MS) are accounted for by differences in valence and not differences in culture, in-group/out-group. This finding provides further explanations of previous TMT findings and highlights a previously ignored variable with significant implications. We also examined the effects of terrorism salience (TS) to see if there was a link between attitudes towards Arab culture and this manipulation. Our results revealed that no relationship exists between TS and Arab culture when compared to a non-related out-group culture, Chinese.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gordon, Winford
Commitee: Asberg, Kia, Ford, Tom
School: Western Carolina University
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- North Carolina
Source: MAI 48/02M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Experimental psychology, Ethnic studies
Keywords: Affect misattribution procedure, Arabs, Mortality salience, Prejudice, Terror management theory, Terrorism salience, Worldview defense
Publication Number: 1470421
ISBN: 978-1-109-50968-7
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