This study investigated disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in undergraduate female dance students from a large metropolitan area. A quantitative, non-experimental ex post facto study design was used to explore differences between modern dance majors and classical ballet dance majors. Data collection was accomplished using two established eating disorder measures: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) (Garner, Olmsted, Bohr, & Garfinkel, 1982, “The Eating Attitudes Test: Psychometric Features and Clinical Correlates”) and Eating Disorder Inventory Perfectionism subscale (EDI-P; Garner, Olmsted, & Polivy, 1983, “The Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Eating Disorder Inventory for Anorexia and Bulimia”). The questionnaires were administered to study participants on-site at three colleges and universities. Five variables related to eating disorder symptomatology were examined: diet concerns, bulimia and food preoccupation, oral control and social pressure to eat, self-oriented perfectionism, and socially prescribed perfectionism. Multivariate analysis of variance and subsequent univariate analyses were performed to compare the two groups of dance majors and determine which variables were most predictive or relevant to eating disorder risk. As anticipated, the results showed that modern dance majors had, on average, lower levels of diet concerns, bulimic behavior/food preoccupation, and oral control than ballet dance majors did. Unexpectedly, however, no statistically significant differences were found between the two groups for the measures of perfectionism. The findings contribute to research in health psychology regarding disordered eating risk factors in athletes and dancers. New information obtained on eating disorder susceptibility in modern dance students helped to address this deficit in the current body of literature.
|Commitee:||Harper, Elizabeth, Terlizzi, Charlene|
|Department:||School of Psychology|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||DAI-B 70/06, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Ballet students, Eating attitudes, Modern dance, Undergraduate|
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