The problem of medication errors in hospitals and the vulnerability of pediatric patients to adverse drug events (ADE) was investigated and well substantiated. The estimated additional cost of inpatient care for ADE’s in the hospital setting alone was conservatively estimated at an annual rate per incident of 400,000 preventable events each incurring an extra cost of approximately $5,857.
The purpose of the researcher was to compare the effectiveness of traditional nursing medication administration with the Color Coding Kids (CCK) system (developed by Broselow and Luten for standardizing dosages) to reduce pediatric medication errors. A simulated pediatric rapid response scenario was used in a randomized clinical study to measure the effects of the CCK system to the traditional method of treatment using last semester nursing students.
Safe medication administration, workflow turnaround time and hand-off communication were variables studied. A multivariate analysis of variance was used to reveal a significant difference between the groups on safe medication administration. No significant difference between the groups on time and communication was found.
The researcher provides substantial evidence that the CCK system of medication administration is a promising technological breakthrough in the prevention of pediatric medication errors.
|Advisor:||Queen, J. Allen|
|Commitee:||Dienemann, Jacqueline, Flowers, Claudia, Lock, Corey, Queen, J. Allen|
|School:||The University of North Carolina at Charlotte|
|Department:||Educational Leadership (EDD)|
|School Location:||United States -- North Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-B 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Health education|
|Keywords:||Medication administration, Medication errors, Pediatrics, Simulation|
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