COMING SOON! PQDT Open is getting a new home!

ProQuest Open Access Dissertations & Theses will remain freely available as part of a new and enhanced search experience at

Questions? Please refer to this FAQ.

Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Erich Fromm's theories and the transition to Robert Jordan in the social development of protagonists in Hemingway's novels
by Jones, Nathan Brian, M.A., California State University, Dominguez Hills, 2009, 60; 1481427
Abstract (Summary)

Ernest Hemingway's independent, free-spirited, pleasure-seeking characters in his early novels reflect many principles of secular existentialist freedom. However, his presentation of characters in his later fiction changes dramatically. The protagonist Robert Jordan in For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) reflects a much more sacrificing, socially responsible orientation toward life, especially in regard to love and to commitment toward others. A more helpful way to understand the values represented by Robert Jordan would be to examine him, and to compare him systematically and thoroughly to other protagonists of other great novels by Hemingway, not only through the secular existentialist principles of Jean-Paul Sartre, but also through the theories of social development presented by social psychologist and psychoanalyst Erich Fromm and, to a lesser extent, by the Christian existentialist principles of Soren Kierkegaard. A deeper understanding of the transition of protagonists toward Jordan may help us to understand better the complexities of Hemingway, both as an author and as an individual.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Ravitz, Abe C.
School: California State University, Dominguez Hills
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 48/04M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Modern history, American literature
Keywords: Hemingway, Ernest
Publication Number: 1481427
ISBN: 978-1-109-64916-1
Copyright © 2021 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy Cookie Policy