The fibrotic response of the body to synthetic polymers limits their success in tissue engineering and other applications. Though porous polymers have demonstrated improved healing, difficulty in controlling their pore sizes and pore interconnections has clouded the understanding of this phenomenon. In this study, a novel method to fabricate natural polymer/calcium phosphate composite scaffolds and immobilized alkaline phosphatase fibrin scaffolds with tightly controllable pore size, pore interconnection has been investigated. Microporous, nanofibrous fibrin scaffolds (FS) were fabricated using sphere-templating method. Calcium phosphate/fibrin composite scaffolds were created by solution deposition of calcium phosphate on fibrin surfaces or by direct incorporation of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (nHA). The SEM results showed that fibrin scaffolds exhibited a highly porous and interconnected structure. Osteoblast-like cells, obtained from murine calvaria, attached, spread and showed a polygonal morphology on the surface of the biomaterial. Multiple cell layers and fibrillar matrix deposition were observed. Moreover, cells seeded on mineralized fibrin scaffolds (MFS) exhibited significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity as well as osteoblast marker gene expression compared to FS and nHA incorporated fibrin scaffolds (nHA/FS). These fibrin-based scaffolds were degraded both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, these scaffolds promoted bone formation in a mouse calvarial defect model and the bone formation was enhanced by addition of rhBMP-2. The second approach was to immobilize alkaline phosphatase (ALP) on fibrin scaffolds. ALP enzyme was covalently immobilized on the microporous nanofibrous fibrin scaffolds using 1-ethyl-3-(dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC). The SEM results demonstrated mineral deposition on immobilized ALP fibrin scaffolds (ALP/FS) when incubated in medium supplemented with β-glycerophosphate, suggesting that the immobilized ALP enzyme was active. Mineral deposition was also observed in cells seeded on immobilized ALP/FS. Furthermore, cells seeded on immobilized ALP/FS exhibited higher osteoblast marker gene expression compared to those on control FS. Upon implantation in mouse calvarial defect, the immobilized ALP/FS treated group had slightly higher bone volume in the defect compared to empty defect control and FS alone. In conclusion, the enhanced biological responses both in vitro and in vivo demonstrated the potential application of these novel microporous nanofibrous fibrin-based scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.
|Advisor:||Giachelli, Cecilia M.|
|School:||University of Washington|
|School Location:||United States -- Washington|
|Source:||DAI-B 70/08, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Biomedical engineering, Dentistry, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Alkaline phosphatase, Bone tissue engineering, Craniofacial bone, Fibrin-based scaffolds|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be