Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Macromorality and Mormons: A psychometric investigation and qualitative evaluation of the Defining Issues Test -2
by Winder, Daniel R., Ph.D., Utah State University, 2009, 197; 3372996
Abstract (Summary)

In 1988, P. Scott Richard's dissertation research at the University of Minnesota asserted that the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a widely accepted paper-and-pencil test of moral reasoning, exhibited item bias against religiously orthodox persons. Since 1988 (when Richard's data were reported), new methods of differential-item functioning (DIF) have developed, a new DIT has emerged (the DIT-2), as well as a Neo-Kohlbergian framework based upon moral schemas derived from Kohlberg's Piagetian-like six stages. With new methods, new tests, and unanswered questions, this study's results imply: (1) that DIT-2 items exhibit differential item functioning for religiously orthodox persons in statistically significant but not as practically significant ways as Richards' earlier findings, (2) that religious orthodoxy does influence macromoral reasoning as measured by the DIT-2, (3) that the maintaining norms schema is insufficient to explain the variables that contribute to why religiously orthodox persons score the way they do. This study implies that the maintaining norms schema may be misnamed because it appears to be measuring a different construct than maintaining norms macromoral reasoning.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Eastmond, J. Nichols, Taylor, Matthew J.
Commitee: Bentley, Joanne P., Freeman, Michael K., West, Richard P.
School: Utah State University
Department: Instructional Technology
School Location: United States -- Utah
Source: DAI-A 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Educational tests & measurements, Religion, Quantitative psychology
Keywords: DIT-2, Defining Issues Test, Differential item function, Macromorality, Mormon, Religious conservative
Publication Number: 3372996
ISBN: 9781109383768