How did political order emerge in Tajikistan and Georgia after the violent chaos of the Soviet collapse? Despite enormous structural weaknesses—the absence of a national army, impassable mountains, ethnic cleavages, poverty, and foreign-backed insurgencies—stable regimes consolidated quickly. This dissertation develops a theory of postwar state-building that suggests that order emerged after clan-based militias and criminal warlords installed a civilian regime in the capital city capable of appealing directly to international donors. The regime started as a cosmetic legitimizing device for violent militias: Armed groups fought amongst each other for the right to extort presidents for privatization rights and de-facto monopolies. Over time, post-Soviet leaders learned how to use their pivotal positions to divide their enemies against one another in the coalition formation process. The emergence of unaccountable patronage networks inside regime ministries brought informal wartime institutions into co-optive relationships with formal state structures. In this revisionist account order emerged through mechanisms that had little to do with the appealing script of democratization, legitimacy, and the rule of law.
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/10, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Political science, Russian history, Military studies|
|Keywords:||Civil wars, Georgia (Republic), Militia, Post-Soviet, State-building, Tajikistan, Violence|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be