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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Exiting anarchy: Militia politics after the post-Soviet wars
by Driscoll, Jesse Russell, Ph.D., Stanford University, 2009, 349; 3382960
Abstract (Summary)

How did political order emerge in Tajikistan and Georgia after the violent chaos of the Soviet collapse? Despite enormous structural weaknesses—the absence of a national army, impassable mountains, ethnic cleavages, poverty, and foreign-backed insurgencies—stable regimes consolidated quickly. This dissertation develops a theory of postwar state-building that suggests that order emerged after clan-based militias and criminal warlords installed a civilian regime in the capital city capable of appealing directly to international donors. The regime started as a cosmetic legitimizing device for violent militias: Armed groups fought amongst each other for the right to extort presidents for privatization rights and de-facto monopolies. Over time, post-Soviet leaders learned how to use their pivotal positions to divide their enemies against one another in the coalition formation process. The emergence of unaccountable patronage networks inside regime ministries brought informal wartime institutions into co-optive relationships with formal state structures. In this revisionist account order emerged through mechanisms that had little to do with the appealing script of democratization, legitimacy, and the rule of law.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Laitin, David
School: Stanford University
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-A 70/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Political science, Russian history, Military studies
Keywords: Civil wars, Georgia (Republic), Militia, Post-Soviet, State-building, Tajikistan, Violence
Publication Number: 3382960
ISBN: 978-1-109-44744-6
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