The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the impact that regional folklore had on Romanian musical arts, to provide a brief historical background of the development of operetta in Romania, and to present a general overview of the methodology used to create the first true Romanian operetta, Crai Nou, which incorporated a nationally-composed libretto and folk music. Research reveals that along with the premier of the operetta and the recognition of Ciprian Porumbescu, the self-acclaimed “people’s composer,” two historically significant advancements were made: the initiation of Romanian folk music and national traditions into the Western culture and the continued expansion of national musical schools which provided the opportunity for Romanian students to regionally develop into “cultured” musicians. Although certain characteristics of Romanian folk music represented through folkloric song and dance (e.g. doina and hora) are presented within the study, further research into the specific genres and instrumentation implemented within the folk music from varying regions of Romania is recommended.
Research materials include archived resources detailing the work of Ciprian Porumbescu from the Regional Library of Bihor County and monographs on the life and musical output of the Romanian composer from the University of Oradea and the Emanuel University of Oradea libraries. This study is limited to a brief overview of operetta development in Romania, its folklore and literary writings, a synopsis of Ciprian Porumbescu’s life and works, and folklore as seen in Crai Nou.
|Commitee:||Ottervik, Jennifer, Stallard, Tina, Will, Jacob|
|School:||University of South Carolina|
|School Location:||United States -- South Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Music, Theater, Music|
|Keywords:||Eastern Europe, Folklore, Musical drama, Opera development, Operetta, Porumbescu, Cirpiran, Romania, Romanian folklore|
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