Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Ultraviolet photochemistry of the group-V hydrides
by Smith-Freeman, Lee-Ann M., Ph.D., University of Southern California, 2009, 111; 3368721
Abstract (Summary)

This dissertation discusses the molecular properties and ultraviolet photochemistry of the group-V hydrides (NH3, PH 3, AsH3, SbH3, BiH3). Relativistic effects become increasingly important for the heavier group-V hydrides and can be manifest in studies of the photodissociation dynamics.

High-n Rydberg time-of-flight (HRTOF) spectroscopy has been used to study the 193.3 nm photolysis of AsH3. The center-of-mass (c.m.) translational energy distribution for the one-photon process, AsH 3 + hv → AsH2 + H, P(Ec.m.), indicates that AsH2 internal excitation accounts for ∼ 64% of the available energy [i.e., hv – D0(H 2As-H)]. Secondary AsH2 photodissociation also takes place. Analyses of superimposed structure atop the broad P(Ec.m.) distribution suggest that AsH2 is formed with significant a-axis rotation as well as bending excitation. Comparison of the results obtained with AsH 3 versus those of the lighter group-V hydrides (NH3, PH 3) lends support to the proposed mechanisms. Of the group-V hydrides, AsH3 lies intermediate between the nonrelativistic and relativistic regimes, requiring high-level electronic structure theory.

The room temperature absorption spectrum of SbH3 has been recorded. The absorption spectrum is a broad continuum with no discernible structure; however, a longwavelength tail is evident. The HRTOF technique has also been used to investigate the photodissociation dynamics of SbH 3 following 193.3 nm photolysis. The overall shapes of the translational energy distributions were inconsistent, precluding confident analysis. In spite of this, it is apparent that SbH2 products are formed with substantial internal excitation and secondary photodissociation occurs. These general observations are consistent with the results obtained for AsH3.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Wittig, Curt
Commitee: Morrison, Jean, Reisler, Hanna
School: University of Southern California
Department: Chemistry
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 70/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Physical chemistry
Keywords: Arsine, Group V, Photochemistry, Ultraviolet
Publication Number: 3368721
ISBN: 9781109295177
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