There has been an increased demand for health care services associated with the aging of the population in developed countries. This adjustment is one of the factors behind the shortage of health care workers in many countries and differences in the labor market across countries (especially in wages) have created an incentive for international migration for workers with these skills.
In the first chapter I estimate the impact of high skilled immigration in the U.S nursing labor market and then explore if immigration can explain the observed wage trends. Using data from the Current Population Survey for the period 1994-2005, I find migrants and natives within a skill group to be highly substitutable and that high skilled immigration does not decrease the wages of competing high skilled workers.
The second chapter explores the robustness of my findings in Chapter I, by assessing the substitutability of immigrants and natives using a different dataset. Building on the literature on assimilation of immigrants, I examine the migrant native wage trends by factoring in the effects of the different types of immigrants by distinguishing them from developing and developed countries. I find that both immigrant types are close substitutes and their relative supply ratios do not affect their relative wage.
In the third chapter I analyze the causal relationship between immigrant inflow and native outflows within the Registered Nurses skill group. Using data from the Decennial Census and National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses, the point estimates suggest that, increases in immigrant population in the RN skill group leads to increases in the population of native born individuals within the same skill group.
The fourth chapter presents a different perspective on migration and analyzes the impact of health care related Diaspora networks on the development of the healthcare sector in India. Since the private health care industry is a mushrooming sector, I find it serves as a catalyst to motivate circular migration patterns transforming Indian health care Diaspora into a sector-specific search network. This enables them to identify the potentials of a country and link global opportunities to local capabilities.
|Commitee:||McInnes, Melayne Morgan, Ozturk, Orgul Demet, Tompkins, Mark|
|School:||University of South Carolina|
|School Location:||United States -- South Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Labor economics, Economic theory|
|Keywords:||Assimilation, Health care, Immigration, International migration, Migration, Nurses, Wages|
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