This dissertation analyzes how land use regulation affects metropolitan housing markets and residential segregation by race and income. Drawing primarily from a land use survey conducted by Rolf Pendall, as well as other data sources, I use ordinary least squares and instrumental variables to show that anti-density zoning is the most important component of land regulation on these outcomes. As the introduction shows, the degree of settlement in rural areas and historic population densities explain variation in contemporary zoning and are later used as instrumental variables. Chapter 1 shows that anti-density zoning depresses housing supply growth and increases prices. The effect is robust to controlling for other significant sources of growth, such as union regulations, and all other aspects of land regulation. Chapter 2 shows that anti-density zoning increases black-white segregation, and Chapter 3 reaches the same conclusion with respect to the segregation of Hispanics and Asians. Chapter 3 also compares the effect of zoning on segregation with other theories of segregation, and it concludes that zoning is about as important as racial differences in average income in explaining segregation. Chapter 4 uses a new measure of economic segregation—a neighborhood Gini coefficient—as well as a poor-affluent exposure index to show that anti-density zoning leads to greater class segregation. The conclusion discusses policy remedies in light of these and other adverse impacts, such as inefficient land use (i.e. sprawl) and longer commuting times. I argue that federal government intervention is necessary. One potential solution is to legislate the mandatory liberalization of density restrictions and combine this with federal government transfers to the rural jurisdictions whose budgets would be most affected by population growth.
|Advisor:||Massey, Douglas S.|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/12, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Geography, Ethnic studies, Urban planning|
|Keywords:||Housing, Immigration, Land regulation, Segregation, Urban economics, Zoning|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be