Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease that requires thorough self-management to avoid the many potential complications of diabetes. Self-management can become burdensome to children and their parents, and can also disturb the independence and social life of children with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes camps serve as a venue for children to practice skills of self-management as well as meet others with the disease, which may help to improve self-management of diabetes at home. The objective of this study was to determine the impact attending a diabetes camp could have on children's characteristics of attitude and self-efficacy through the perspectives of professional diabetes team members.
A quantitative non-experimental design was used to survey professional members of diabetes teams, whose teams were identified as Care Delivery Programs for Diabetes, on the membership list of National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions (NACHRI). Study participants included any of the various members of a diabetes team, who agreed to complete the CAMPS questionnaire. This questionnaire was designed to assess two attributes related to self-management of type 1 diabetes in children: attitude and confidence, and contained 17 items with Likert scale options. Participants were asked to answer the questions with the typical Camper in mind first, then the typical Non-Camper, using Survey Monkey, the Internet-based survey management provider. Forty-five questionnaires were collected and analyzed from different disciplines on the team.
Mean ratings for all attitude and self-efficacy items were found to be higher for Campers than were the mean ratings for Non-Campers, such as 4.02 for Campers and 3.09 for Non-Campers in self-efficacy item 4. This accounts for more positive attitudes and higher self-efficacy consistently across all items. In addition, a statistically significant difference was found using paired t-tests on all items measuring attitude and on all but one self-efficacy item, indicating that professional diabetes team members perceive a difference between children who have attended a diabetes camp versus those children who have not attended a diabetes camp in terms of attitude and self-efficacy, supporting both hypotheses.
The CAMPS study demonstrated that medical professionals perceived a difference in the typical child that attended diabetes camp on attitude and self-efficacy, than the typical child who did not attend camp. According to these diabetes team members, attending camp is associated with more positive attitudes and greater self-efficacy, which can positively impact self-management of the disease. As having a diabetes camp can be a positive environment, it may be the agent to help improve self-management, and it merits further investigation.
|Commitee:||Ozier, Amy, Umoren, Josephine|
|School:||Northern Illinois University|
|Department:||Family, Consumer and Nutrition Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 48/04M, Masters Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Attitude, Diabetes camp, Self-efficacy, Self-management, Type 1 diabetes|
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