This study explored the relationship between anxiety and counseling self-efficacy and the moderating effects of mindfulness and alexithymia. One hundred and fifty two pre-internship counseling trainees from CACREP programs across the country were surveyed to determine their levels of anxiety, mindfulness, alexithymia and counseling self-efficacy using the Trimodal Anxiety Questionnaire, the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Counselor Activity Self-Efficacy Scales.
Pearson Product Moment Coefficients revealed significant pairwise relationships among the variables of interest in the expected directions. In a linear regression, somatic and behavioral anxiety (but not cognitive anxiety) emerged as significant predictors of counseling self-efficacy. In a Stepwise regression, the observe, describe, and nonreact facets of mindfulness also emerged as significant predictors of counseling self-efficacy, although the nonjudge and acting with awareness facets did not. The hypotheses that mindfulness and alexithymia served to moderate the relationship between anxiety and counseling self-efficacy were not supported, but instead mindfulness, and to a lesser extent alexithymia may be more direct predictors of counseling self-efficacy.
The results suggest that mindfulness and emotional skills training may be important variables to consider in supporting counselor trainee’s self-efficacy. The findings have implications for counselor education and supervision and provide direction for future research in counselor development.
|Advisor:||Cashwell, Craig S.|
|Commitee:||Ackerman, Terry, Gill, Diane, Lewis, Todd F.|
|School:||The University of North Carolina at Greensboro|
|Department:||School of Education: Counseling and Educational Development|
|School Location:||United States -- North Carolina|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/05, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, School counseling, Social studies education|
|Keywords:||Alexithymia, Anxiety, Counseling, Counseling self-efficacy, Counseling students, Counselor education, Mindfulness, Self-efficacy|
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