The purpose of the present study is to contribute to the vocational rehabilitation literature and examine the relationships between general self-efficacy, job search self-efficacy, and job search behaviors as factors contributing to individuals with substance use disorders securing employment, controlling for the demographic variables of age, gender, and educational status. Although chronic unemployment is a common problem among individuals receiving addiction treatment, and a variety of vocational approaches have been instituted to address an individual's barriers to employment, research into personal characteristics, which may prove to be a potential critical indicator for vocational success, has not been effectively studied. Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory and the construct of self-efficacy are hypothesized to play a role in improving employment outcomes among unemployed individuals with substance use disorders.
This study employed a quantitative design to study a sample of 84 unemployed individuals in addiction treatment who began attending one of three job placement agencies in New York City. Linear and logistic regression analyses were done to look at relationships between the control variables of age, gender, and educational status, the independent variables of general and job search self-efficacy, and the dependent variables of job search behaviors and employment status. Major findings of the study were that both general self-efficacy and job search self-efficacy showed significant relationships with job search behaviors, although no significant relationship with employment status was demonstrated. This supports the inclusion of both general and specific self-efficacy when conducting research investigating the job search process of individuals who have substance use disorders. Results did not support a relationship between job search behaviors and employment status, nor between any of the three demographic variables, and either the independent or dependent variables. Supplemental analyses findings further supported general self-efficacy's role in both job search behaviors, as well as employment status. These findings have significant implications in understanding the unique vocational rehabilitation needs of individuals with substance use disorders in successfully seeking employment.
|Advisor:||Richardson, Mary Sue|
|School:||New York University|
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 70/06, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Mental health, Personality psychology, Cognitive psychology|
|Keywords:||Addiction, Employment, Job search, Self-efficacy, Substance abuse, Vocational rehabilitation|
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