The purpose of this qualitative interpretive biographical study was to enhance our understanding of leadership by exploring the life of Bai Fangli through the lens of Confucian virtues. This study followed Denzin's (1989a) qualitative design of interpretive biography by exploring Bai's epiphanies to offer multiple perspectives on the significance of the epiphanies and their impact on Bai's life and his influence as a modern Chinese leader. This study was guided by the central question: What is the essence of the life and leadership of Bai Fangli as explored through the lens of Confucian virtues? In order to answer this study's central question, Denzin's data analysis procedures were applied for this study. Incorporating Denzin's data analysis procedures, this study applied three phases of data analysis: (a) document analysis, (b) interview analysis, and (c) combined the analysis of the documents and interviews.
Data from documents were gathered from 91 online newspaper articles, 43 photographs, and 8 videoclips. Interview data were gathered during open-ended interviews with 12 purposefully selected participants. An internet-based audio video system, emails, and phone were utilized in this study. Four themes and seven sub virtue themes were combined from these documents and interviews. The lens of Confucian virtues was articulated based on seven sub virtue themes and how they are aligned with the literature review. Bai Fangli's interpretive biography was then reconstructed and the major themes that have shaped his life were identified.
This study enhances our understanding of leadership by articulating Ren Leadership, a universal leadership. Since Bai's actions demonstrated both Eastern virtues of benevolence and great love [ren ai], righteousness [yi], rituals [li], wisdom [zhi ], trustworthiness [xin], fortitude [yong ], and frugality [jian] and Western virtues of prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance, the second finding recognized that moral leadership is applicable to both Eastern and Western world views. The third finding describes an example of a moral leader in China who blended both Eastern and Western virtues. Finally, this study revealed the feasibility of the return of the traditional Confucian virtues in contemporary China.
|Advisor:||McCaw, William P.|
|Commitee:||Ashmore, Rhea, Cao, Zhen, Evans, Roberta D., Matt, John|
|School:||University of Montana|
|School Location:||United States -- Montana|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/06, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Biographies, School administration|
|Keywords:||Aristotelian virtues, Bai Fangli, Biography, China, Confucian virtues, Eastern and Western leadership, Interpretive biography, Leadership, Ren Leadership, Servant leadership|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be