The mutation rate at fifty-four perfect (uninterrupted) dinucleotide microsatellite loci is estimated by direct genotyping of 96 Arabidopsis thaliana mutation accumulation lines. The estimated rate differs significantly among motif types with the highest rate for AT repeats (2.03 x 10-3 per allele per generation), intermediate for CT (3.31 x 10-4), and lowest for CA (4.96 x 10-5). The average mutation rate per generation for this sample of loci is 8.87 x 10 -4 (SE = 2.57 x 10-4). There is a strong effect of initial repeat number, particularly for AT repeats, with mutation rate increasing with the length of the microsatellite locus in the progenitor line. Controlling for motif and initial repeat number, chromosome 4 exhibited an elevated mutation rate relative to other chromosomes. The great majority of mutations were gains or losses of a single repeat. Generally, the data are consistent with the stepwise mutation model of microsatellite evolution. Several lines exhibited multiple step changes from the progenitor sequence, but it is unclear whether these are multi-step mutations or multiple single step mutations. A survey of dinucleotide repeats across the entire Arabidopsis genome indicates that AT repeats are most abundant, followed by CT, and CA.
|Advisor:||Kelly, John K., Orive, Maria E.|
|Commitee:||Alexander, Helen, Kelly, John K., Mort, Mark E., Orive, Maria E., Timmons, Lisa|
|School:||University of Kansas|
|Department:||Ecology & Evolutionary Biology|
|School Location:||United States -- Kansas|
|Source:||DAI-B 71/02, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Plant biology, Genetics|
|Keywords:||Arabidopsis, Asexual reproduction, Genetic load, Inbreeding load, Microsatellite mutation rate, Mimulus|
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