The continuous push toward high data rates has led to transceivers running at 10's of Gbps. However, due to fundamental nonidealities ( e.g., channel and circuit band-width limitations, on-die variations) and systematic constraints (i.e., tight power and performance budgets), designing such high-speed transceivers can be nontrivial and require careful design. Thus, in order to address various design challenges and provide circuit- and system-level solutions for high-speed link systems, this dissertation presents a 12.5 Gbps backplane transceiver.
For the transmit-side, an 8-way time-interleaved transmitter is presented to overcome on-die circuit bandwidth limitations. The transmitter employs a lookup-table-based (LUT-based) equalizer to compensate for not only channel and circuit band-width limitations but also various on-die variation effects. Two equalization techniques ‘oversampled zero-forcing equalization’ and ‘simulated-annealing-based (SA-based) equalization’—are proposed to address on-die variation effects based on one-time calibration and continuous adaptation methods, respectively. A test-chip prototype is fabricated in 0.13 μm CMOS technology.
For the receive-side, an analog-to-digital-converter-based (ADC-based) receiver is assumed, which consists of front-end ADCs followed by digital equalizers. A test-chip prototype for the front-end ADC is fabricated in 65 nm CMOS process, which employs two-stage track-and-hold (T/H) structure and sampling clock duty cycle control technique to enable low power consumption, high input bandwidth, and high sampling rate at the same time. As the ADC-based receivers can suffer from high complexity and power consumption, a thorough design-space exploration is required to optimize trade-offs between power consumption and performance. Thus, to facilitate receiver design-space exploration, a parameterized high-level model of an ADC-based receiver is developed in MATLAB, which includes an accurate-yet-simple behavioral model of front-end ADCs and detailed power models for digital equalizers. The receiver design-space exploration based on wide range of parameter sweeps reveals the Pareto frontier in power and performance.
|School Location:||United States -- Massachusetts|
|Source:||DAI-B 70/11, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Adaptive equalizers, Backplane communication, Digital compensation, Transceivers|
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