Given that one in eight women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point during her lifetime and that there is an increased risk for women who have a family history of the disease, daughters of women with breast cancer are vulnerable to psychological distress. Research with this population has been limited and no published studies have investigated the role of the mother-daughter relationship in the daughter's reaction to her mother's breast cancer.
This study examined attachment style, coping, threat appraisal, and mood in daughters of women with breast cancer. Participants were 139 adult daughters of women with breast cancer whose mothers were diagnosed within the past year. A MANOVA showed that securely attached participants did not differ from insecurely attached participants in regard to task-oriented coping, avoidance-oriented coping, and threat appraisal. However, insecurely attached participants in this study were combined into one general category of insecure attachment and, then, compared to securely attached participants. Combining the insecure attachment styles (i.e., preoccupied, fearful-avoidant, dismissive-avoidant) may have masked the differences in coping style, threat appraisal, and mood disturbance. Therefore, a post-hoc MANOVA was computed and revealed that securely attached participants differed from those with a preoccupied attachment style on threat appraisal and total mood disturbance. Securely attached participants perceived their mothers' breast cancer as less threatening and experienced less mood disturbance than preoccupied participants.
Several other noteworthy results were found. Participants in this study reported greater mood disturbance than a nonpsychiatric sample and mood disturbance comparable to an outpatient psychiatric sample. Task-oriented coping was negatively correlated with mood disturbance while emotion-oriented coping was positively correlated and, contrary to expectation, avoidance-oriented coping showed no relationship to mood disturbance. Threat appraisal was also found to be positively correlated with emotion-oriented coping, avoidance-oriented coping, and mood disturbance. Implications for healthcare and mental health professionals, limitations of the study, and recommendations for future research were discussed.
|School Location:||United States -- New York|
|Source:||DAI-B 68/04, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Womens studies, Psychotherapy|
|Keywords:||Attachment, Breast cancer, Coping, Daughters, Mood, Women|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be