World society theory has recently grown to prominence as a dominant voice in global studies, detecting the presence of a world culture that acts as an autonomous and isomorphic force on nation-states. World-system theorists, on the other hand, have long suggested that culture is epiphenomenal, and that economic forces are determinative in sending states on disparate trajectories. In this study, I employ a network approach that draws these perspectives closer together. Using data from international trade and organizational networks across the 1980-2000 period, I perform five sets of analyses across three empirical chapters.
First, I contrast the effects of dependent integration and network integration on economic growth and educational expansion. I find that, while dependency on international organizations and trade contributes to underdevelopment, integration in these two networks is positively associated with development. Second, I apply the principles of network integration to the case of child labor, finding that embeddedness in trade and organizational networks help explain the worldwide reduction of child labor practices. Third, I examine changes in these networks over time. I find that, not only is there significant mobility in the international trade network during the sample period, but that a state's network position and mobility in world trade positively impact its level of embeddedness in international organizations. Fourth, I devote a set of analyses to exploring a “growth/CO2 paradox” encountered by integrated core economies. I find that trade integration is significantly associated with increases in carbon dioxide emissions. However, in a set of interaction models, I show that embeddedness in international organizations helps reduce the positive effect of trade integration on environmental degradation. Finally, I outline and implement a procedure that trichotomously partitions network data, classifying actors as belonging to an integrated core, isolated periphery, or “intermediate” semiperiphery. I find that my trichotomous trade measure performs well in predicting economic growth, and that it also outperforms an “orthodox” measure of world-system position commonly used by sociologists.
|Advisor:||Alderson, Arthur S.|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 68/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social structure, Organizational behavior, Organization theory|
|Keywords:||Globalization, Integration, International trade, Mobility, Network analysis|
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