This work explores the theoretical and experimental aspects of Lorentz violation in gravity. A set of modified Einstein field equations is derived from the general Lorentz-violating Standard-Model Extension (SME). Some general theoretical implications of these results are discussed. The experimental consequences for weak-field gravitating systems are explored in the Earth-laboratory setting, the solar system, and beyond.
The role of spontaneous Lorentz-symmetry breaking is discussed in the context of the pure-gravity sector of the SME. To establish the low-energy effective Einstein field equations, it is necessary to take into account the dynamics of 20 coefficients for Lorentz violation. As an example, the results are compared with bumblebee models, which are general theories of vector fields with spontaneous Lorentz violation. The field equations are evaluated in the post-newtonian limit using a perfect fluid description of matter. The post-newtonian metric of the SME is derived and compared with some standard test models of gravity.
The possible signals for Lorentz violation due to gravity-sector coefficients are studied. Several new effects are identified that have experimental implications for current and future tests. Among the unconventional effects are a new type of spin precession for a gyroscope in orbit and a modification to the local gravitational acceleration on the Earth's surface. These and other tests are expected to yield interesting sensitivities to dimensionless gravity-sector coefficients.
|Advisor:||Kostelecky, V. Alan|
|Commitee:||Berger, Micheal S., Challifour, John L., Musser, James A.|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 68/07, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Astronomy, Astrophysics, Particle physics|
|Keywords:||Einstein field equations, Gravity, Lorentz violation, Relativity, Standard Model extension|
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