This dissertation examines a reading of the city drawn by four key characters of the Latin American turn of the century imaginary (a dandi, a flâneuse, a prostitute, and a "Chilean roto") that highlights the urban experience. By analyzing this experience I not only consider class, gender, and race constructions, but also the placement of the body in the urban milieu. Therefore, using a wide range of literary and visual discourses this study focuses on the construction of urban identities and representations of Santiago de Chile and Buenos Aires from 1880 to 1935.
According to Michel de Certeau's ideas ("Walking the City"), who invites us to focus on the practice of the city, I discuss how these characters provide urban images and views while they walk the city. Following this theoretical framework, my approach is on these walkers' paths as texts that convey readings of the urban milieu that might have not been considered by public discourses of that time. Nevertheless, I also analyze how these figures' identities and performances shift while they move through urban spaces.
My dissertation is organized in four sections. In the first chapter, I study the performance of the dandy in Buenos Aires as portrayed in Pot Pourri: silbidos de un vago written by Eugenio Cambaceres (1881); chapter two is devoted to the study of the female walker that performs as a flâneuse in Alfonsina Storni's works; chapter three focuses on the multiple representations of the prostitute in Santiago de Chile as depicted in Juana Lucero (1902) written by Augusto D'Halmar; and the fourth chapter discusses various visual and literary representations of the roto and also is focused in the homonymous novel written by Joaquín Edwards Bello (1920). Whereas all subjects experience the city either in private or public spaces or either in the center or the periphery, they differ in their translation of the experience and give new meanings to the urban space.
Finally, with regard to representational practices and taking into account that Angel Rama's ideas as exposed in his book The Lettered City (1984) have had a great impact in the study of the Latin American urban milieu in the last two decades, I examine whether or not visual discourses contest the city imaginary produced by the lettered community.
|Commitee:||Irwin, Robert M., Lazzara, Michael J.|
|School:||University of California, Davis|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-A 70/08, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American literature|
|Keywords:||Argentina, Bello, Joaquin Edwards, Buenos Aires, Cambaceres, Eugenio, Chile, City representations, Gender, Halmar, Augusto d', Performance, Rama, Angel, Santiago de Chile, Southern Cone, Storni, Alfonsina, Turn of the century, Urban subjects|
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