Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Job type as a moderator of the relationship between situational judgment and personality
by Nelson, Carrie Ann, Ph.D., Capella University, 2008, 106; 3324823
Abstract (Summary)

Situational judgment tests (SJTs) present job applicants with actual scenarios they may face on the job. These tests are highly face valid and have consistently been shown to predict job performance. However, despite their more widespread use, little is known about what is exactly being measured in these tests or why they can so accurately predict performance. Some previous studies have sought to find personality variables that are linked to situational judgment in order to better understand what is being measured. However previous research has provided conflicting results as to the correlation between situational judgment and personality. This may have occurred because they did not take into consideration the job type involved. The main hypothesis in the current study is that job type moderates the relationship between situational judgment and personality. The participants included two groups of employees: maintenance technicians and leasing agents. These two job types were used so that a comparison could be made between the blue collar and white collar workers. The project started by creating two different situational judgment tests, one for each job type selected. Then the tests were administered to the employees along with a personality inventory. The results supported the theory that there are in fact large differences in the correlations between situational judgment and personality between the two job types. In particular, the maintenance technicians who scored high in situational judgment also scored high in social confidence and being outgoing but also scored low in being controlling and achievement oriented. Conversely, the leasing agents who scored high in situational judgment also scored high in being democratic and affiliative but scored low in being decisive, competitive, and innovative. These are important findings because it could potentially add a whole new dimension to SJT research. Previous studies did not consider job type as a separate and independent variable that may be affecting the outcome of SJT scores. However based on the findings of this study, this item should be considered as a separate variable. The differences between the two job types of the current study are explored further and implications for future research are provided.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Vogele-Welch, Deborah
Commitee: Crawford, Theresa, Dimatteo, Donna
School: Capella University
Department: School of Psychology
School Location: United States -- Minnesota
Source: DAI-B 69/07, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Occupational psychology, Personality, Psychological tests
Keywords: Employee test, Employment test, Job type, Personality, Pre-employment test, Situational judgment
Publication Number: 3324823
ISBN: 9780549778332
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