Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Electron diffraction and interferometry using nanostructures
by McMorran, Benjamin James, Ph.D., The University of Arizona, 2009, 120; 3352633
Abstract (Summary)

Here it is demonstrated that nanofabricated structures can be used as electron optical elements in new types of electron interferometers. This enables new investigations with electrons that are analogous to experiments in light and atom optics. Far field diffraction from a single nano-grating is used to examine the interaction between a charge moving and a nearby surface. Near field diffraction from a nano-grating is investigated in a Talbot interferometer. It is found that electron waves form replicas of the grating in free space, and these replicas can be de-magnified using illumination by a converging beam. An electron Lau interferometer has the same grating configuration as the Talbot interferometer, but uses spatially incoherent beams that give rise to drastically different interference behavior. A single optical theory is developed to efficiently model a variety of grating interferometers under a diverse set of illumination conditions, and it is used to understand the experiments described here. Applications for these new interferometers are discussed, as well as possible directions for future research.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cronin, Alex D.
Commitee: Meystre, Pierre, Milster, Thomas D., Seraphin, Supapan
School: The University of Arizona
Department: Physics
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 70/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Optics
Keywords: Electron diffraction, Electron holography, Lau effect, Matter wave interferometry, Talbot interferometer
Publication Number: 3352633
ISBN: 9781109105339
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