This study explores the relationship between hope and depression, demoralization and low positive emotions in evaluations of cross-cultural, long-term missionaries as measured by the Agency and Pathways subscales of the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale. Hope was correlated with five scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2. The five scales are the Depression scale on the clinical scales, the Depression scale on the content scales, the demoralization scale, and the low positive emotions scale on the restructured clinical scales, and the Introversion-Low Positive Emotionality scale (INTR/LPE) on the PSY-5 scales. Participants were 57 cross-cultural missionary clients from an outpatient counseling center. This survey method research design used Pearson correlations, multiple regressions, and multivariate analysis of covariance to explore relationships between hope scores on the subscales of the ADHS and five scales of the MMPI-2. Pearson correlations showed that there was no significantly negative correlation between the ADHS subscales and four of the MMPI-2 scales. There was a significant negative correlation between the Depression content scale and the Agency subscale. A multiple regression analysis demonstrated that 22% of the criterion variance for the Agency subscale scores could be accounted for by the combined predictors, Depression Content and demoralization. Eighteen percent of this 22% could be specifically accounted for by Depression Content. Multivariate Analysis of Covariance did not statistically demonstrate that there was a significant difference between the hope scores of missionaries who scored high and those who scored low on the MMPI-2. Furthermore, the MANCOVA did not support the hypothesis that there would be a statistically significant interaction between the scales of the MMPI-2 to differentially affect the hope scores when these were adjusted for months between administrations of the MMPI-2 and the ADHS.
|School Location:||United States -- Virginia|
|Source:||DAI-B 69/04, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religion, Quantitative psychology|
|Keywords:||Cross-cultural, Cross-cultural missionaries, Depression, Hope, MMPI-2, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2, Missions, Snyder Hope Scale|
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