During the last 20 years in the United States, gender identity, peer relationships, and parental relationships have all been associated with adolescent female substance use in urban contexts. The goal of this study was to explore these associations with adolescent females living in rural environments. The quantitative correlation study utilized data gathered from self-reports of females 12 to 15 years of age attending middle school in two rural Washington State communities. Levels of current or 30-day use of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarettes were consistent with national levels of use. The level of current inhalant use, however, was more than twice the national level. European American and Hispanic/Spanish/Latino ethnic groups showed a higher risk for current use of cigarettes, marijuana, and amphetamines and American Indian/Alaska Natives showed a higher risk for current alcohol use than Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and African Americans. The gender identity of aggressive masculinity was found as the best predictor of illegal substance use while peer attachment and parent attachment offered some protection from illegal substance use for the population. Combining the results of this study with the work of other researchers could improve substance abuse prevention practices and improve the understanding of how and why such behavior is found among this group.
|Commitee:||Lucies, Christopher, Yick-Flanagan, Alice|
|Department:||School of Human Services|
|School Location:||United States -- Minnesota|
|Source:||DAI-A 69/01, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social work, Ethnic studies, Gender studies|
|Keywords:||Adolescence, Female, Gender identity, Prevention, Rural communities, Substance abuse, Substance use|
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