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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

An examination of how American business must eliminate perceived bias towards Muslims and Arab Americans
by Horowitz, Jeffrey, M.A., State University of New York Empire State College, 2010, 99; 1484335
Abstract (Summary)

Following September 11, 2001, America realized that we were no longer protected by our borders and that our enemies managed to extort our vulnerabilities. This event forever changed commercial aviation and transportation as a whole, as well as directly impacted how many of us view Muslims or those who we perceive to be Muslims. I examined and concluded through a synthesis of ideas that American Business must eliminate perceived bias towards Muslims and Arab Americans. The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee Research Institute, and polls conducted by the University of Washington, Yale University, and Genesis Research demonstrated that a perceived bias exists towards Muslims and Arab Americans post 911. From September 11, 2001 through December 11, 2002, the EEOC received 705 Title VII charges (Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 strictly prohibits workplace discrimination and harassment specifically based on national origin and religion). Furthermore, this bias proved costly to American business because Title VII Harassment Claims were awarded; as of August 2003, ninety-two people who alleged harassment received more than 1.425 million dollars in monetary compensation. In order to understand why Islamic Fundamentalists consider Americans their enemies, we must first recognize how an individual evolves into a fundamentalist. After reviewing a large body of literature, I am convinced that Osama bin Laden received his fundamentalist ideology through a history of Wahhabi education originating and sustained through the Debandi movement and facilitated by the teachings of Sayyid Qutb. These conclusions are demonstrated through numerous books and articles written by Paul Berman, Jonathon Randal, and Robert Siegel to list a few. In addition, I focused on the Islamic Fundamentalist ideology, specifically, I am convinced that Osama bin Laden as well as other Islamic Fundamentalists view that violence, martyrdom, and the Jihad are all justified in the name of Allah. This conclusion was a result from numerous books, articles, and research papers from such authors as Gilles Kepel, Mahmood Mandani, and the Library of Congress Congressional Research Service. Moreover, that Islamic Fundamentalists believe that their form of Islam cannot co-exist with any other religion, including other sects of Islam. To prove that Islamic fundamentalism is not accepted and practiced by most, I provided the traditional or mainstream Muslim view on violence, martyrdom, and the Jihad. I concluded from a synthesis of ideas that mainstream Islam not only condemns martyrdom and the killing of innocent people, but defines the Jihad as an inner struggle to attain God's three thousand qualities, contrary to the fundamentalist interpretation as a holy war. I presented evidence that the basic tenets of traditional Islam are peace, and that history demonstrated tolerance towards non-believers since the Middle Ages. I concluded this through numerous books, articles, and websites from Vartan Gregorian, Abdullah Momin, David Dakake, and the Council on American Islamic Relations.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Keeran, Roger
School: State University of New York Empire State College
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: MAI 48/04M, Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Management, Islamic Studies, Ethnic studies
Publication Number: 1484335
ISBN: 978-1-109-70047-3
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