Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Professional school counselor perception of preparedness in stabilizing a student in specific crisis situations: A random sample of American School Counselor Association members
by Fonseca, Thomas Allen, Ph.D., Mississippi State University, 2008, 100; 3331449
Abstract (Summary)

This study is an examination of the predictor variables, as measured by a Demographics Questionnaire (DQ) and the Professional School Counselor Perception of Preparedness/Frequency of Specific Crisis Situations Survey (PSCPPFSCSS). The researcher determined the combination of predictor variables that accounted for the greatest amount of variance in professional school counselors' overall perceptions of preparedness in stabilizing a student in specific crisis situations. Members of the American School Counseling Association were contacted through e-mail and encouraged to access a Web site to complete the DQ and PSCPPFSCSS. A total of 210 participants responded (response rate 23.5%).

A stepwise regression analysis was used. The outcome variable was the counselors' ratings of their preparedness for crisis counseling in specific crisis situations. The researcher entered 9 predictor variables and discovered that seven predictors met the criterion for entry set at F = .05. The 7 predictors were: (a) student/counselor ratio, (b) level of education, (c) years of school counseling experience, (d) pre-service hours spent in crisis intervention, (e) in-service hours spent in crisis intervention, (f) graduate coursework hours in crisis counseling, and (g) total number of times crisis situations were encountered. Counselor/student ratio and pre-service hours of preparation were not significantly related to perception of preparedness in dealing with specific crisis situations.

The findings indicated that more experience resulted in greater perceptions of preparedness. Counselors with first-hand experience with crisis situations, more years of counseling experience, graduate course work, in-service hours of preparation, hours spent in formal or in-service, and higher degrees expressed higher levels of preparedness. The full model on the seventh step of the regression indicated that a sizable portion of the variance (approximately 41%) in counselors' reported perceptions of preparedness is significantly explained by the predictors (p < .001).

Recommendations included: (a) replication of the study with a greater sample size, (b) integration of crisis intervention skills in counselor preparation coursework, (c) extended internships with crisis response for graduate students in counselor education programs, and (d) supervision provided by counselors who have greater experience in crisis response.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Underwood, Joe Ray
Commitee: Davis, Ed, Hermann, Mary, McGrath, Vincent, Young, John S.
School: Mississippi State University
Department: Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education
School Location: United States -- Mississippi
Source: DAI-A 69/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: School counseling
Keywords: American School Counselor Association, Counseling, Crises, Crisis, Crisis intervention, School counselor
Publication Number: 3331449
ISBN: 978-0-549-89494-0
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