The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between gender role conflict, acculturation, and enculturation to help-seeking attitudes among Asian American male university students, with Caucasian males serving as a point of comparison for the relationship between gender role conflict and attitudes toward psychological help-seeking. Participants were 67 Asian American male college students of East Asian (Chinese, Korean, and Japanese) descent and 158 Caucasian male college students ranging in age from 18 to 30 years. Instrumentation included the Gender Role Conflict Scale, the Asian American Multidimensional Acculturation Scale, the Asian Values Scale, the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale-Short Form and a demographic questionnaire. Pearson correlations, multiple regression, analysis of variance, multivariate analysis of variance, and chi-square tests of difference analyses were conducted.
Results of the study revealed that acculturation, enculturation, and gender role conflict were not significant predictors of Asian American men’s attitudes toward help-seeking. However, results showed that Asian American men were significantly less willing than Caucasian males to seek professional psychological help. With respect to other racial group differences, Asian American men were significantly more likely to experience gender role conflict than Caucasian males, particularly in the realms of success, power, and competition; restrictive emotionality; and restrictive affectionate behavior between men. In particular, Asian American men experiencing the success, power, and competition form of gender role conflict were significantly more reluctant to seek out professional psychological help. Although Asian American men were less likely to have ever utilized counseling or therapy services than their European American counterparts, there were no significant differences between the racial groups on their current utilization of services and familiarity with campus counseling services. The limitations of the study, implications for clinical practice, and recommendations for future research were also discussed.
|Advisor:||Chung, Ruth H.|
|Commitee:||Goodyear, Rodney, Iwamura, Jane|
|School:||University of Southern California|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 69/12, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Clinical psychology, Ethnic studies, Gender studies|
|Keywords:||Acculturation, Asian-American, Asian-American men, Enculturation, European-American, Gender role conflict, Men, Willingness to seek help|
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