Proton Conducting β-alumina via Microwave Assisted Synthesis. The microwave assisted synthesis of proton conducting Mg- and Li-stabilized NH4+/H3O+ β-alumina from a solution based gel precursor is reported. β-alumina is a ceramic fast ion conductor containing two-dimensional sheets of mobile cations. Na +-β-alumina is the most stable at the sintering temperatures (1740°C) reached in a modified microwave oven, and can be ion exchanged to the K+ form and then to the NH4+/H 3O+ form. β-phase impurity is found to be 20% for Mg-stabilized material and 30-40% for Li-stabilized material. The composition of the proton conducting form produced here is deficient in NH4 + as compared to the target composition (NH4)1.00 (H3O)0.67Mg0.67Al10.33O 17.
Average grain conductivity for Li-stabilized material at 150°C is 6.6x10-3 ± 1.6x10-3 S/cm with 0.29 ± 0.05 eV activation energy, in agreement with single crystal studies in the literature. Grain boundary conductivity is found to be higher in the Li-stabilized material. A hydrogen bond energy hypothesis is presented to explain these differences. Li-stabilized NH4+/H3O + β-alumina is demonstrated as a fuel cell electrolyte, producing 28 μA/cm2 of electrical current at 0.5 V.
Mechanism of Enhanced Corrosion Prevention of a Zinc Rich Coating with Electronic Control. A corrosion inhibition system consisting of high weight-loading zinc rich coating applied to steel panels is examined. An electronic control unit (ECU) consisting of a battery and a large capacitor in series with the panel is shown to improve corrosion protection upon immersion in 3% NaCl solution. Weekly solution changes to avoid zinc saturation in solution system were necessary to see well differentiated results.
The corrosion product, hydrozincite [Zn5(CO3) 2(OH)6] is observed to deposit within the pores of the coating and on the surface as a barrier layer. Simonkolleite [Zn5(OH) 8Cl2·H2O] is found to form in place of the original zinc particles. The barrier layer is denser and more adherent with the ECU in place. A mechanism is proposed in which the characteristic time constant of the ECU is roughly matched to the time scale of ionic motion within the coating. The capacitive nature of the ECU retards the motion of ions, and affects the formation of denser corrosion products.
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-B 69/04, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Chemistry, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Beta-alumina, Corrosion prevention, Electronic control, Fuel cells, Proton conduction, Zinc coatings|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be