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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Longitudinal and reciprocal effects of ethnic identity and experiences of discrimination on psychosocial adjustment of Navajo (Diné) adolescents
by Jones, Matthew D., Ph.D., Utah State University, 2008, 163; 3331469
Abstract (Summary)

This study examined the relationships among ethnic identity, cultural identity, experiences of discrimination, their interactions, and their effects on various psychosocial outcomes (self-esteem, depression, sense of school membership, social functioning, substance abuse, substance related problems, delinquent behaviors, and grade point average [GPA]). Data were collected twice over a 2-year period.

Change across time was observed in male adolescents' experiences of discrimination. Affirmation and belonging to Navajo culture was the strongest protective predictor at Time 1, but at Time 2 less consistent patterns of association emerged. Also at Time 2, experiences of discrimination emerged as a powerful negative predictor of psychosocial functioning for boys only. Finally, there were very few longitudinal links between ethnic identity, discrimination experiences, and psychosocial functioning, suggesting that more complex and sophisticated analyses and designs may be necessary to more clearly delineate the longitudinal implications of ethnic identity development.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Galliher, Renee V.
Commitee: Barcus, Carolyn, Bates, Scott, Dawson, Susan, Lubke, Margaret
School: Utah State University
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Utah
Source: DAI-B 69/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Bilingual education, Social psychology, Native American studies
Keywords: Adolescents, American Indians, Dine, Discrimination, Ethnic identity, Native Americans, Navajo
Publication Number: 3331469
ISBN: 978-0-549-89588-6
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